Common Name: Borneo Pygmy elephant (Eng) Gajah (Bahasa Malaysia) Nenek/Liman (Orang Sungai language) Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Habitat: Lowlands and valleys Status: Endangered Population: [Unknown] estimated to be less than 1,500 mostly in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Asian elephants differ in several ways from their African relatives. Location. The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elephas maximus borneensis. Save the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. Oregon Zoo, Portland has the elephant of Borneo in the United States, 17 female orphans Chendra call. Pygmy elephants are genetically different from their other Asian elephant cousins, according to WWF. Listed as Endangered (under IUCN Red List). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. M.U.Leh, The Sarawak Museum Journal Vol LXIII No.84, Extinct Javan elephants may have been rediscovered – in Borneo. Today, WWF continues to collar and monitor the movement of these endangered mammals in order to reduce human-wildlife conflict and inform conservation actions. When you think of an elephant you typically think of a massive animal, but the Borneo pygmy elephant is quite different. Elephas indicus was proposed by Georges Cuvier in 1798, who described an elephant from India. African elephant classification is ongoing research. The baby-faced pygmy elephant of Borneo, with its oversized ears and plump belly was isolated at least 18,000 years ago from its cousins on mainland Asia and Sumatra. Save the Borneo Pygmy Elephant. The smallest Asian elephant subspecies, Bornean elephants are distinctly smaller than their mainland cousins. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Why is the Borneo Pygmy elephant endangered? Borneo elephants prefer to make habitats in forests. Asian elephants differ in several ways from their African relatives. However, DNA tests show that the Borneo pygmy elephant is genetically different from the Asian elephant. Their average life expectancy is in the range of 60 – 75 years. They have smaller … The Bornean elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant that only exists in a small region of Borneo. In the last 40 years, Sabah has lost 60% of its elephant habitat to cultivation. Habitat loss. They’re much smaller in size and their ears are straight at the bottom, unlike the large fan-shaped ears of the African species. They also have a long tail, which in some individuals reaches all the way down to the ground. Toggle Navigation Main Menu. The other sub-species are- the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant and the Sri-Lanka elephant. Scientific name -- Loxodonta africana Size -- Up to 14,300 lbs. Classification. Asian elephants, meanwhile, are classified as Elephas maximus maximus if from Sri Lanka, Elephas maximus indicus if from the mainland, Elephas maximus borneensis if from Borneo and Elephas maximus samatranus if from Sumatra. For example, traps set by the local community to catch smaller mammals are located and trampled by elephants and any part of a settlement that encroaches into their forest is in danger of destruction. Coenraad Jacob Temminck named an elephant from Sumatra Elephas sumatranus in 1847. It is also popular as Borneo Pygmy Elephant and Elephas Maximus Borneensis. Plants grasses palm leaves and bananas. While they are also known as Borneo pygmy elephants due to their smaller size, at 8.2-9.8 feet tall, the Bornean elephant is the largest mammal on the island. Borneo Elephant Animal Pictures. Is the Borneo Pygmy elephant the most endangered Species in Borneo? Its habitat is Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests on Sabah, Borneo and sometimes on East Kalimantan, Indonesia. However, in the Lower Kinabatangan, in the state of Sabah, Malaysian Borneo, elephants are hostile towards any man-made objects within the forest. Savannah Elephant has a lifespan of 60 to 70 years. Elephants are able to swim very well and will cross river barriers in order to move through their home ranges. Washington, DC 20037. Common Name: Borneo Pygmy elephant (Eng) Gajah (Bahasa Malaysia) Nenek/Liman (Orang Sungai language) Scientific Name: Elephas maximus borneensis Habitat: Lowlands and valleys Status: Endangered Population: [Unknown] estimated to be less than 1,500 mostly in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo And for good reason. They had separated from their close relatives i.e. They are often seen dragging their tail on the floor while they walk. Elephas maximus borneensis. View our inclusive approach to conservation, Elephant collaring – protecting the giants of Sabah, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research 2019, Factsheet: Demand under the Ban – China Ivory Consumption Research, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research (2017). In Malaysia, Borneo's elephants are protected under Annex II of the enactment of the conservation of wildlife. Elephas maximus borneensis. Since 1986, the Asian elephant has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red Listas the population has declined by at least 50% over the last three generations, estimated t… There are various conflicts in the taxonomic lists by previous authors, which need further field research for validation. The behaviour of the Bornean Elephant is said to be much gentler and less aggressive than the mainland Asian Elephants, supporting the idea that they may be descended from a domesticated population. The Borneo elephant is found in the northern and northeastern sections of the island of Borneo in Malaysia and Indonesia. Also known as the Borneo pygmy elephant, the Borneo elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) is a subspecies of the Asian elephant and is native to northeastern Borneo, Indonesia, and Malaysia. The Borneo pygmy elephant is also called Borneo elephant. But the existence of Borneo elephant is still being debated. Generally they are found in lowland forest, which in the Kinabatangan is seasonally inundated with floodwaters. So, without further ado, let the countdown begin! As of 2019, four subspecies of the Asian elephant have been officially identified: Borneo Elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Sri Lankan Elephant (Elephas maximus maximus) Logging, expanding agriculture, and palm oil plantations are reducing contact between sub populations, as well as shrinking the forest area available for each sub-population. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. By Scientific Name; By Class; By Location; Pictures; Favorites; Endangered; Reference; Blog; About; Search. This map covers the distribution for all Asian Elephants. DNA analysis proved that they were derived from Sudanic stock but there is a significant difference between as the Borneo elephant was evolved over time. Their presence on this southeastern Asian island has been a mystery. Learn more about the African elephant, as well as the threats this species faces, what WWF is doing to protect its future, and how you can help. Its origin remains the subject of debate. View Original Borneo Elephant Image … In English known as the Borneo Pygmy Elephant Elephant or Borneo. The Indian elephant is the most widely distributed of the four Asian elephant sub-species, Meaning it's popular. Scientific Name: Elephas maximus indicus The Indian elephant is a sub-species of The Asian Elephant family which consists of the Indian Elephant, the Sumatran Elephant, the Sri-Lanka and the Borneo elephant. Carl Linnaeus proposed the scientific name Elephas maximus in 1758 for an elephant from Ceylon. Yes. Asian elephants around three million years ago and in their evolution process, they became smaller and undergone significant body changes. The average height of the Borneo elephant is 8.2 – 9.8 feet. There are three subspecies of Asian elephant – the Indian, Sumatran and Sri Lankan. Kingdom - Animalia Phylum - Chordata Class - Mammalia Order - Proboscidea Family - Elephantidae Genus - Elephas Species - Elephas Maximus. The origin of these elephants is a matter of debate, and there are claims that these elephants could have evolved from the captive elephants introduced to Borneo by the Sultan of Sulu. Known locally and commonly as ‘Bornean Pygmy Elephants’, they are about a fifth smaller than mainland Indian Elephants but similar in size to populations of Sumatra and the Malaysian Peninsula. World Wildlife Fund today invited elephant lovers to help name a Borneo pygmy elephant that will be part of the first study ever conducted on the pint-sized pachyderms. Frederick Nutter Chasen classified all three as subspecies of the Asian elephant in 1940. The Bornean elephant is a subspecies of the Asian elephant that only exists in a small region of Borneo. ... Borneo … Scientific Name of Elephant. The scientific name of the Borneo elephant is Elaphas maximus borneensis. Borneo is a priority landscapes for WWF’s work. 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