September 2009 um 17:48:10 Uhr UTC (6:48:10 Uhr Ortszeit). Similar to American Samoa, knowledge of the threat and recognition of a tsunami’s natural warning signs saved many lives in Samoa. [11] The Satala electrical plant may be out of service for a month or more until repairs can be made, with the American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA) stating that power will be out indefinitely. In Lepa, only the church and the village's welcome sign remained standing following the tsunami. [34], There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. [47] Boats in the region immediately left port once the warning was issued. Story Highlights At least 111 dead in Samoan islands and Tonga after Pacific tsunami Officials fear death toll will rise as rescue workers reach outlying villages Magnitude-8.0 … According to the May 5 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 13.4% of the United States including Puerto Rico. [18] Journalist Cherelle Jackson reported that the city quickly emptied in the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami, "All the schools, workplaces everyone has walked up – it's like a ghost town. "[18], Twenty villages on Upolu south side were reportedly destroyed, including Lepa, the home of Samoa's Prime Minister[19] Tuilaepa Lupesoliai Sailele Malielegaoi. This tsunami was generated by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake near the Samoan Islands on September 29, 2009. There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami killed … [74], A tsunami advisory was issued for coastal California and the San Francisco Bay Area beginning at 9:00 pm local time as a precaution.[75][76]. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. [47], French Polynesian President Oscar Temaru wrote to the heads of American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga offering support following the tsunami,[dead link][48] "On behalf of the people and the government of French Polynesia, I would like to convey our most sincere expression of condolence and solidarity in the wake of the Tsunami that just hit your people...We have, within the FRANZ framework decided to send both human and material help. Die Intensität des Erdbebens erreichte nach den Angaben des United States Geological Survey eine Momenten-Magnitude von 8,0 Mw. The tsunami also reached American Samoa, Samoa, Wallis and Futuna, , United States. Created community-driven evacuation maps and signage. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). The devastation extended beyond human casualties with houses destroyed, cars swept out to sea and some villages being virtually annihilated. [47] The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. Australia sent teams of paramedics, doctors, nurses and search and rescue specialists with essential supplies like tents and medicine. [21] The village of Poutasi on the south west coast of Upolu was reported with extensive damage in a TVNZ news item, along with its neighbouring Villages of Satalo and Salani being completely wiped out. An RNZAF C-130 Hercules with medical staff and supplies, makeshift morgues, stretchers, tents and food was sent on the 30th. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone. There were more than 40 total aftershocks with a magnitude greater than 5.0 in the 48 hours after the mainshock. References & Resources Foley, M. (2009, September 30). A tsunami is a series of waves, not just a single wave. 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami Tonga Trench south of the Samoa Islands and north of New Zealand. mceer.buffalo.edu Massive earthquake (8.0 magnitude) creates tsunami in Samoa; get the latest news from the BBC, New York Times, USGS, & other authorities. Pacific Tsunami Warning System: A Half-Century of Protecting the Pacific 1965-2015. Approximately 192 families were left homeless and the homes of 143 additional families were damaged in the tsunami in the villages of Hihifo, Falehau and Vaipoa. However, the events of September 29 involved a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on a normal fault within the outer rise; and the other magnitude 8.0 earthquake occurred on the subduction zone as a thrust event. It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless. [44] 289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster. In 2009, about 950 people lived on Niuatoputapu. [3] Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless. Residents across French Polynesia were advised to avoid valleys and bays, tie up watercraft and listen to Réseau France Outre-mer (RFO) for further instruction. [46], The government appealed for clothing and bedding donations for residents in Niuatoputapu. Relief workers in American Samoa and Samoa searched for survivors on Thursday after a series of tsunamis smashed into the tiny Pacific islands, … The island is isolated with a population of around 1,000 people. 1 doctor, 2 nurses and one logistics expert, all members of our emergency medical staff will carry a total of 600 kg [sic] of medical material that will be dispatched locally by the FRANZ authorities. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services. The US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center, prepared an emergency webpage for geological, hydrological and trafficability information for relief engineering and humanitarian aid. In 2012, American Samoa received TsunamiReady recognition, from the NOAA National Weather Service. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million. Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, and his Deputy Prime Minister Misa Telefoni Retzlaff were in Auckland, New Zealand, at the time of the earthquake. Scores are killed as tsunami hits Samoa Islands. (2009, September 29). This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. [46] Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. And the tsunami struck exactly when Samoa was already facing the full force of the global economic crisis. Countries affected by the tsunami in the areas that were hit are American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga (Niuatoputapu) where more than 189 people were killed, especially children, most of them in Samoa. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. A mother at the Taufua Beach Fales in Lalomanu watched her three young children swept away by the tsunami. The Government of Samoa estimates the damage at US$147.25 million. Das Erdbeben bei den Samoainseln war ein schweres Erdbeben am 29. [11] A new power plant at Satala is expected to be commissioned on 25 May 2017. The earthquake was felt in American Samoa for up to 3 minutes, giving emergency responders, local government officials, and the public time to respond to natural warning signs because they understood the threat. The cargo and passenger ship Aranui 3, which had been docked in Taiohae Bay on Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas, the area most impacted by a small tsunami wave, immediately evacuated the bay for open water. It was the largest earthquake of 2009. With over 30 deaths in the U.S. territory of American Samoa, the 2009 event caused the largest number of deaths in America due to a tsunami in the 21st Century. US Navy 091001-F-3798Y-093 A boat is aground Thursday, Oct. 1, 2009 in Pago Pago, American Samoa after a tsunami struck the island Sept. 29, 2009 and carried it away from the harbor.jpg 1,000 × … These included EERI member and dation. "[48] FRANZ stands for France, Australia and New Zealand, three large countries who traditionally provide aid in Oceania following natural disasters. Widespread damage was reported to the infrastructure at Pago Pago, American Samoa, in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga. The monument is called the Healing Garden. According to the June 20 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to extreme drought covers 7.0% of the contiguous U.S. [57], Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. [47], French High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat warned residents of the Marquesas to seek shelter at an elevation of at least 10 m (33 ft) above sea level. Samoa's prime minister, Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, said damage on the nation's two main islands, which contain almost all the 180,000 population, was extensive. A tsunami triggered by a strong quake in the South Pacific has killed more than 100 people in several islands. [32], The Prime Minister made his first address to the nation, after the tsunami, on 1 October. Large waves with no major damage were reported on the coasts of Fiji, the northern coast of New Zealand[7] and Rarotonga in the Cook Islands. Accessed September 30, 2009. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. The Samoa tsunami of September 29, 2009, was the fifth tsunami studied by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) field teams in 15 years, and yet it presented many surprises. [23] Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. Abstract—On September 29, 2009, an Mw = 8.1 earthquake at 17:48 UTC in Tonga Trench generated a tsunami that caused heavy damage across Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga islands. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. [45] Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries. Niue was reported as reasonably safe because it is high. [11] The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. The tsunami was generated by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake that occurred about 190 km southwest of American Samoa at 6:48 a.m. Samoa Standard Time. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. Tutuila island, which is located 250 Lieutenant Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa's electrical infrastructure. The Samoa tsunami demonstrates a problem for early warning systems - massive waves crashed ashore before researchers could analyze the earthquake and sound the alarm. [8], The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake. In this region, the Pacific plate subducts westward beneath the Australia plate at the Tonga Trench. [47], High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat cancelled the tsunami red alert at 12:03 pm on Tuesday for all areas of French Polynesia except the Marquesas. Media in category "2009 Samoan Islands tsunami" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists were struck a devastating blow when a massive earthquake hit 120 miles off the coast of the islands, triggering a tsunami that killed hundreds. Since the earthquakes occurred so close in time, scientists have not been able to distinguish which earthquake occurred first, or which caused a bigger tsunami. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=969179663, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. [46], Relief efforts undertaken by the Tongan government and Red Cross focused on Niuatoputapu, with support from Australia, New Zealand and France. 29 SEPTEMBER 2009 SAMOA TSUNAMI A. Annunziato1, G. Franchello1, E. Ulutas2, T. De Groeve1 1 – Joint Research Centre, European Commission 2 – University of Kocaeli, Turkey The mission of the JRC-IPSC is to provide This is an extremely rare event, known as a “doublet.”. Samoa Islands Tsunami on Sep. 29, 2009 We have simulated the tsunami generated from the the Samoa earthquake (15.509 S, 172.034 W, Mw = 8.0 at 17:48:10 UTC according to USGS) on September 29, 2009… Local radio stations in Tonga broadcast warnings that a tsunami was possible and that people should move away from coastal villages. The first earthquake measured 8.1 on the Richter Scale, the second two earthquakes measured 7.8 on the Richter Scale. [51] Air New Zealand arranged for larger Boeing 777 aircraft to carry in relief workers and evacuate tourists to Auckland, and fly the Samoan Prime Minister back to his country. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. [50], New Zealand dispatched RNZAF P-3 Orions to assess the damage and search for bodies. Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami of September 29, 2009 Multiple reconnaissance teams traveled to Samoa in October and November 2009, and contributed to the preparation of this report. [42] There are three main villages on Niuatoputapu: Hihifo and Falehau, which were hit by three waves, some 6m high, and the village of Vaipoa, which received less damage. [47], The Colombian Navy training ship Gloria, also left Papeete Harbor in Tahiti once the warning was issued as a precaution. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. He "also witnessed looting in one of the stores".[10]. Also, visit NCEI’s Natural Hazards website for more earthquake and tsunami data, images, and educational materials. An effective tsunami warning system relies on the free and open exchange and long-term management of global data and science products to mitigate, model, and forecast tsunamis. "So much has gone. [56] On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. On an idyllic Monday night in 2009, the palm-lined coasts of the American Samoa, Samoa, and Tonga Islands looked peaceful and serene. REUTERS/Tim Wimborne [15] The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. New York Times. Das Hypozentrum des untermeerischen Bebens lag in 18 km Tiefe, etwa 190 Kilometer süd-südwestlich der Insel Upolu (Samoa) und rund 180 km südwestlich der Insel Tutuila … [36], The Samoa government and the people of Samoa held a national funeral at Apia Park for tsunami victims on 8 October 2009 (Samoa local time). The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). [dead link][12] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. [77][78] Shocks with magnitude 6.0 or higher are highlighted in light blue. September 29, 2009 Samoa Tsunami, Southwest Pacific Ocean The tsunami that was triggered by a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on September 29, 2009, caused significant damage and loss of life on Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. 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