A specimen of the sixteenth century tile-work at Lahore is the tomb of Sheikh Musa Ahangar, with its brilliant blue dome. The city of Lahore, Pakistan is the capital of the province of Punjab. 2.4%. In 1823 Azim Khan took control of Peshawar and with support from Pashtun tribesmen faced off against the encroaching Khalsa army in the Battle of Nowshera. The Achaemenid Persian empire included Gandhara and western Punjab, administered through the satrapies of Gandāra, Hindush and Sattagydia. info)) is the maist populous province o Pakistan, wi approximately 56% o the kintra's tot population. The crafts in the Punjab are of two types: the crafts produced in the rural areas and the royal crafts. In 1818 Nawab Muzaffar Khan was killed by the Sikhs at the Battle of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. Gandhara's culture peaked during the reign of the Kushan ruler Kanishka the Great (128–151). The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, the Punjabis. The majority of Pakistani Punjabis are Sunni Muslim, with minorities that include Ahmadi Muslim, Shia Muslim, and Christians. The Punjab, or Panjab ("five rivers"), is a region in South Asia that includes territories of north India and eastern Pakistan. Ancient Taxila, another historic landmark also stands out as a proof of the achievements of the area in learning, arts and crafts. 2.13%. Starting in the 1980s, large numbers of Punjabis migrated to the Middle East, Britain, Spain, Canada and the United States for economic opportunities, forming the large Punjabi diaspora, resulting in growing economic ties between Punjab and these countries. [46] In Punjab and Kashmir, the Marathas were now major players. The province has been strongly influenced by Sufism, with numerous Sufi shrines spread across Punjab which attract millions of devotees annually. World Population > India Population Punjab Population Punjab is a state of India, located in norther part of India bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, pakistan on the west, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. Islamabad (Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan): 1.15 million. Lahore, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Kashmir and other subahs (ex-Mughal provinces) on the south and eastern side of Peshawar were under Maratha rule for the most part. The Punjab Mineral Development Corporation is running over a hundred economically viable projects. Mosques abound all over Punjab and vary in architectural style. ... statistics house, 21-mauve area, g-9/1, islamabad, pakistan According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. The incidence of poverty differs between the different regions of Punjab. Barelvi's movement weakened after there was infighting with his Pashtun followers and in a major battle near the town of Balakot in 1831, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Shah Ismail Shaheed with volunteer Muslims were defeated and killed by the Sikh Army. In the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the P is for Punjab.[57][58]. Population Welfare Punjab Jobs 2021 Advertisement is open in Bahawalpur Division to recruit the eligible (Male & Female) Pakistani nationals who want to work with the Population Welfare Department Government of Punjab. The province is home to several historical sites, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Rohtas Fort and the ruins of the ancient city of Harrapa. The fairs and festivals of Punjab reflect the entire gamut of its folk life and cultural traditions. Punjabi Christians are ethnic Punjabis who are followers of Christianity.They are one of the four main ethnoreligious communities of the historical Punjab region, the others being the Punjabi Muslims, Punjabi Sikhs and Punjabi Hindus. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Update to date information about population of Pakistan in 2021. The kingdom was founded when the Graeco-Bactrian king Demetrius invaded the subcontinent early in the 2nd century BC. The other minorities include Ahmadiyya, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis and Baháʼís. On these occasions, devotees assemble in large numbers and pay homage to the memory of the saint. Rainy season (July to September). Population Pyramids: Pakistan - 2016. Punjab has a population of 80 million people and an area of 79,284 mi² or (205,344 km²) in terms of area the province of Punjab is greater in area than Kyrgyzstan but smaller than Belarus The population of the subdistricts (tehsils and talukas) of Pakistan. Having taken a northeasterly direction, he marched against the Aspii (mountaineers), who offered vigorous resistance, but were subdued. Punjabi is the primary language of the region, with several dialects spoken. Multan (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.6 million. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. 1951; reprint 1989), Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency ..., Volume 1, Part 1-page-11, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, For a detailed account of the battle fought, see Chapter VI of, Mortimer, Edward, Faith and Power, (1982), p.68-70. According to the 1998 census, the population of the province is 7,25,85,000. A coalition was formed against Alexander by the Cathians, the people of Multan, who were very skilful in war. The fairs held at the shrines of Sufi saints are called urs. The temple of Jandial, Taxila is usually interpreted as a Zoroastrian fire temple from the period of the Indo-Parthians. District at a glance Vehari. The number of textile units is 14,820. 1 June 2005. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. Punjab has the largest economy in Pakistan, contributing most to the national GDP. Punjab is Pakistan's most industrialised province with the industrial sector making up 24% of the province's gross domestic product. The tile-work of Emperor Shah Jahan is of a richer and more elaborate nature. The Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of what is today Pakistan and eventually evolved into the Indo-Aryan civilisation. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). Block Wise Provisional Summary Census-2017; Area & Population of Administrative Units (1998) ... Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Statistics House, 21-Mauve Area, G-9/1, Islamabad, Pakistan Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. [33][34] Although the archaeological site at Harappa was partially damaged in 1857 when engineers constructing the Lahore-Multan railroad used brick from the Harappa ruins for track ballast, an abundance of artefacts have nevertheless been found. Parts of Punjab first came into contact with Islam after the Umayyad Caliphate commander Muhammad bin Qasim defeated Raja Dahir in 711 and expanded into southern Punjab. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). Cooler/ Foggy / mild weather (October to March). This number came from a report that was published by the World Bank in 2012. Several important Sikh shrines are in the province, including the birthplace of the first Guru, Guru Nanak. The ginning industries are 6,778. Despite its tropical wet and dry climate, extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region. According to Manzur Ejaz, "In Central Punjab, Punjabi is neither an official language of the province nor it is used as medium of education at any level. The first incursion into Northern Punjab occurred in the 11th century by the Ghaznavid ruler Mahmud of Ghazni who was the first Muslim ruler to conquer the Punjab in its entirety. West Punjab was a province of Pakistan from 1947 to 1955. [52], Maharaja Ranjit Singh's death in the summer of 1839 brought political chaos and the subsequent battles of succession and the bloody infighting between the factions at court weakened the state. A History of Indian Literature: Hindi Literature from its Beginning to the Nineteenth Century. Study Package for CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) & LL.B. Haryana, India: 18 million (90% Hindus) The Durrani Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani wrested control of Punjab but lost it to the Sikhs after a successful rebellion which allowed Sikh armies to claim Lahore in 1759. Punjab reached the height of its splendour during the reign of the Mughal Empire, which for a time ruled from Lahore. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. Sang-e-Meel Publications. [citation needed]. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. The state population was recorded to be 29,673,462 (2.96 Crore) in 2016. [citation needed], The Indo-Scythian king Maues invaded Indo-Greek territories in Punjab and established an Indo-Scythian empire. Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. Univ, GNDU, Symbiosis), "Rigveda 1.126:7, English translation by Ralph TH Griffith", Advanced Study in the History of Modern India: 1707 – 1813 – Jaswant Lal Mehta – Google Books, The Fall of the Moghul Empire of Hindustan, "Now or Never. Its canal-irrigation system established by the British is the largest in the world. ; Background paper for the Education for all global monitoring report 2006: literacy for life; 2005", "Rural women uphold Pakistan's literacy rate", Punjabi Parchar spreads colours of love at Visakhi Mela, "Asthma treatment in Pakistani salt mine", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Punjab,_Pakistan&oldid=998933433, States and territories established in 1970, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with dead external links from December 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Punjabi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles needing additional references from February 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [41] During their rule, Hinduism revived itself and the Buddhist civilisation in Gandhara declined. The capital is Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based. Azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died shortly thereafter due to grief. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. In 1972, after East Pakistan seceded and became Bangladesh, Punjab again became a province. [50] In 1821 Syed Ahmad Barelvi spent two years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab campaign. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey / Richard V. Weekes, editor-in-chief Greenwood Press 1978, "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". INFO Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area after Balochistan, and its most populous province with an estimated population of 101,391,000 as of 2015. [citation needed] Alexander then marched through Ghazni, blockaded Magassa, and then marched to Ora and Bazira. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. Entrance Examinations (PU, DU, KU, HPU, AIL, Pbi. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab but is not given any official recognition in the Constitution of Pakistan at the national level. It is located on the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. The literacy rate has increased greatly over the last 40 years (see the table below). Administrative Subdivision. Vol.8, Fasc. [19] Its human development index rankings are high relative to the rest of Pakistan. Six years later, the British East India Company declared war and, after, two wars, Punjab was annexed by the British. The cities of Taxila (Takṣaśilā) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built. The Umayyad empire conquered Punjab in the 8th century CE. In 2001, literacy rate in Punjab stood at 69.65 percent of which male and female were 75.23 percent and 63.36 percent literate respectively. The province covered an area of 205,344 km2 (79,284 sq mi), including much of the current Punjab province and the Islamabad Capital Territory, but excluding the former princely state of Bahawalpur.The capital was the city of Lahore and the province was composed of four divisions (Lahore, Sargodha, Multan and Rawalpindi). From about 1813 he began a series of rebellions against the Sikhs which continued throughout his lifetime inflicting defeats on the Sikhs whilst also losing territory to them before being poisoned in 1844. Punjab was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with Lahore being site of both the Declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. [73] The list of thinktanks, political organisations, cultural projects, and individuals that demand authorities at the national and provincial level to promote the use of the language in the public and official spheres includes: The population of Punjab (Pakistan) is estimated to be 97.21% Muslim with a Sunni Hanafi majority and Shia Ithna 'ashariyah minority. Punjab's Minister of Health, Dr. Yasmin Rashid, announced that the government of Punjab will issue health cards to 45 percent of the population by June. [citation needed]. Punjab Province (Pakistani part) with population statistics, maps, charts, weather and web information. For the most popular music from the region, Bhangra, the names of Abrar-Ul-Haq, Arif Lohar, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Jawad Ahmed, Sajjad Ali, Legacy, and Malkoo are renowned. The most important urs are: urs of Data Ganj Buksh at Lahore, urs of Sultan Bahu at Jhang, urs of Shah Jewna at Jhang, urs of Mian Mir at Lahore, urs of Baba Farid Ganj Shakar at Pakpattan, urs of Bahaudin Zakria at Multan, urs of Sakhi Sarwar Sultan at Dera Ghazi Khan, urs of Shah Hussain at Lahore, urs of Bulleh Shah at Kasur, urs of Imam Bari (Bari Shah Latif) at Rawalpindi-Islamabad and urs of Shah Inayat Qadri (the murrshad of Bulleh Shah) in Lahore. Indian Punjab has been estimated to be the second richest state in India. Punjabi romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and Sammi. [14] Sialkot District in the prosperous northern part of the province has a poverty rate of 5.63%,[63] while Rajanpur District in the poorer south has a poverty rate of 60.05%.[18]. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. Katasraj Mandir is a Hindu temple complex situated in Katas village near Choa Saidanshah in the Chakwal District. Punjab has also more than 68 thousand industrial units. [citation needed]. The federal government which has approved $250 million in funding to buy vaccines late last month decided to purchase 1.2 million doses from China’s Sinopharm. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Wheat and cotton are the largest crops. [101], Lahore Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Katas Raj Temples (Sardar of Hari Singh's Haveli), Clock Tower at Govt College University, Lahore, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Auditorium in Faisalabad, A view of Murree, a famous hill station of Punjab, Different shapes of clay pots mostly made in Gujrat, Tilla Jogian Jhelum, considered sacred by Hindus and scenic peak in Punjab, "Kautilya was also a Professor of Politics and Economics at Taxila University. Trade unions and youth groups: Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union-Pakistan, Punjabi National Conference, National Youth Forum, Punjabi Writers Forum, National Students Federation, Punjabi Union, Pakistan, and the Punjabi National Conference. Curiously, this language is the mother tongue of only 7-8% of Pakistanis. ... Population Census. The cultural rich state of Punjab adds around 3.5 lakh people to its population every year. In 1748, the formation of the Dal Khalsa at Amritsar led to the division of the region in 36 areas and 12 separate Sikh principalities. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. Having conquered Drangiana, Arachosia, Gedrosia and Seistan in ten days, Alexander the Great (known in Urdu as 'Sikander-e-Azam') crossed the Hindu Kush and was thus fully informed of the magnificence of the country and its riches in gold, gems and pearls. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. The critics of the revamped formula have the plea that with a population of 220 million, Pakistan should have more ... who has also been looped in for a short-term contract by Southern Punjab… The Population Welfare Department Punjab is striving to achieve the vision of population stabilization in the largest province of Pakistan through promoting family planning as an entitlement. "[29] The word Punjab was formally introduced in the early 17th century CE as an elision of the Persian words panj (five) and āb (water), thus meaning the (land of) five rivers, similar in meaning to the Sanskrit and Greek name for the region. In the Soan River, many fossil bearing rocks are exposed on the surface. The largest non-Muslim minority is Christians and make up 2.3% of the population. The history of the city stretches back so far into … Punjāb (Pakistan): Province, Major Cities, Municipalites & Towns - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information Punjab. In Jhelum 35 British soldiers of the HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[53]. Punjabiscomprise the largest ethnic group of Punjab. The inscriptions on bricks and tiles of the mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (1320 AD) at Multan are outstanding specimens of architectural calligraphy. Between 711 and 713 CE, 18-year-old Arab Sultan Muhammad bin Qasim came to the region to defeat Raja Dahir, conquering the Sindh and Punjab areas and bringing Islam to the region for the first time. 207.8 million. Only a few monthly literary magazines constitute Punjabi press in Pakistan". The largest non-Muslim minority i… Punjab's Minister of Health, Dr. Yasmin Rashid, announced that the government of Punjab will issue health cards to 45 percent of the population by June. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. Gandhara was conquered by the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. 6. [4][5] Punjab is also the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India. In ancient and the medieval era, before the arrival of Islam into the Indian subcontinent, Hinduism and Buddhism were the predominant religions in the Punjab region. For the geographical region, see, Achaemenid Persian and Macedonian Greek Empires, Islamic Empires (Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals), Religious and seasonal fairs and festivals. Classical music forms, such as Pakistani classical music, are an important part of the cultural wealth of the Punjab. The following is a list of the largest cities in the Punjab region by population located in modern divisions which were part of the British Punjab Province as at 1947 when the modern countries of India and Pakistan were created. Meeting with Delegation of Delivering Accelerated Family Planning in It also was for a period of time part of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire. Saraiki is mostly spoken in south Punjab,[65] and Pashto, spoken in some parts of north west Punjab, especially in Attock District and Mianwali District near Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The province was formed when the Punjab province of British India was divided along religious boundaries in 1947 by the Radcliffe Line after Partition.[12]. The capital and largest city is Lahore which was the historical capital of the wider Punjab region. Cultural and research institutes: Punjabi Adabi Board, the Khoj Garh Research Centre, Punjabi Prachar, Institute for Peace and Secular Studies, Adbi Sangat, Khaaksaar Tehreek, Saanjh, Maan Boli Research Centre, Punjabi Sangat Pakistan, Punjabi Markaz, Sver International. He is widely considered to be one of the earliest proponents of Punjabi as the language of poetry. Radha Kumud Mookerji (2nd ed. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the institution of Sufi saints, who spread Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way of life. It also hosts major military bases such as at Sargodha and Rawalpindi. According to the Government of Pakistan's National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA), there were 6,146 Sikhs registered in Pakistan in 2012. The Kushan period is considered the Golden Period of Gandhara. He told the meeting that the provision of health cards to 45 percent population in Punjab would be completed by June 2021. [81] In 2007, Punjab achieved a growth rate of 7.8%[82] and during the period 2002–03 to 2007–08, its economy grew at a rate of between 7% to 8% per year. Folk songs and dances of the Punjab reflect a wide range of moods: the rains, sowing and harvesting seasons. Average rainfall annual ranges between 96 cm sub-mountain region and 46 cm in the plains. It was merged into a single province West Pakistan. Founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of humans been... At Harappa percent while female literacy is at 70.73 percent Alexander then marched to Pucela, the of!, of which five flow through Pakistan 's GDP has historically ranged from 51.8 % to %!, where the ancient city of Lahore, Pakistan ): population: 5.28.. Dhamaal, Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola, and projected population, growth rate,,. Also more than 68 thousand industrial units romantic dances include Dharees, Dhamaal Bhangra. … Within Punjab, Pakistan ): population 3.25 million 326 BCE, but in fact `` frightful... And mausoleums in Punjab is 110012442 Gandhara 's language was a Hellenistic kingdom covering most of Punjab today... 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