The term has several meanings, which are important to distinguish. This version has been updated to include more detailed information about the Hebrew origins of the Old Testament, New Testament, and Apocrypha in VIBRANT COLOR CODING. Originally, the term was reserved for books with content considered too sacred and grand to make accessible to the general public. The word “apocrypha” comes from the Greek word meaning "hidden" or "secret." YHWH/YHVH AND AHAYAH (THE ILLUMINATI KNOWS THAT THE NAME OF THE MOST HIGH IS “AHAYAH”) YHWH/YHVH/IHVH/JHVH - ORIGIN (V = U), (UV = W), (I = J), (J SUBSTITUTE for Y), the name YHWH/JHVH was injected into the text of the Old Testament by the Pharisees and others who practiced Babylonian… 342-420) used the word to indicate the books that were not part of the Jewish Bible, the Tanakh, but were included in the Greek Septuagint Bible. This question does not allow of so decided an answer, and as matter of fact it has been answered in different ways. From the Dead Sea Scrolls we know that Psalm 151, surviving in Greek, is actually a combination of two separate Psalms in Hebrew (sometimes called 151a and 151b). 2 Esdras; III. Nonetheless, some of these books were widely used by Christians throughout the Middle Ages and have left their mark on the church. Apocrypha is a plural word (singular: apocryphan) that originally denoted hidden or secret writings, to be read only by initiates into a given Christian group. Old Testament Apocrypha ._The collection of books to which this term is popularly applied includes the following (the order given is that in which they stand in the English version); I. ), (1) "Esoteric" Literature (Clement of Alexandria, etc. Though they are all from the time before the birth of Christ, they were never included in the Hebrew Bible. The word Apocrypha is a specific term used to refer to those particular books that are considered 'Scripture' by the Roman Catholic Church while the Protestants dispute that. We usually date the first definite listing of the accepted books of the Bible as occurring around 367 AD. Prov 8:22-31 ) Wisdom, whom he identifies with the Law, and provides practical precepts for everyday living. The Vinaya Pitaka or "Basket of Discipline" contains the rules for entrance and the regulations to be observed after entrance. 1915. But it never has in classical Greek any other sense. What they did produce was explanatory of what had been written and practical. Set in the time of Nebuchadnezzar, Judith is a vivid and dramatic narrative of a beautiful Jewish widow, who, through a combination of extraordinary courage and trust in God, delivers her people in a time of crisis. The word Apocrypha comes from the Greek word, meaning “hidden” or “concealed”. When among the Jews there arose a literature of oral tradition it was natural to apply to this last the Greek notion of esoteric, especially as this class of literature was more highly esteemed in many Jewish circles than the Old Testament Scriptures themselves. The Apocrypha consists of a set of books written between approximately 400 B.C. Perhaps if the Greek original of this book had been preserved the word "apocrypha" would have been found as an epithetic attached to the 70 books. Others fill in gaps in the New Testament Gospels, usually with a heightened sense of the miraculous. The word “apocrypha” derives from a Greek verb meaning to conceal. in the sense "esoteric"? Apocrypha. des neutest. But the evidence is against so early a use of the term in this--soon to be its prevailing--sense. Though it is generally true that the Apocrypha is the excess of the Greek (Septuagint) and Latin (Jerome, Vulgate) over the Hebrew Bibles (the Masoretic Text), the statement needs qualification. The Wisdom of Solomon; VII. (b) When employed in reference to sacred books it is only of those recognized as canonical. Both books are of first importance for understanding the historical setting for Hanukkah, the Jewish festival of rededication of the temple, which originates from the Maccabean Revolt. The book contains numerous parallels to the ethical sections of the New Testament, especially the Book of James. Enoch, Abraham, Moses, etc.). Zahn (Gesch. According to Bruce Metzger, the word deuterocanonical was a term coined in 1566 by the Roman Catholic Sixtus of Sienna. Numerous apocryphal gospels were produced by early Christians. APOCRYPHA - (A neuter plural noun) and means "something hidden, secret, or concealed." and in Latin works beginning with Jerome, Greek apokruphos meant non-canonical, implying inferiority in subject-matter to the books in the canon. He was followed in this by Rufinus (died circa 410), in turns Jerome's friend and adversary, as he had been anticipated by Irenaeus. However, a second set of booklets had been assembled through the years, and these were given the name Apocrypha (meaning “hidden”). (3) Apocryphal books, the names of which are as follows: (l) The Apocalypse of Zephaniah (see number 9 of the Old Testament Apocrypha books mentioned in the Chronography of Nicephorus); (q) The Itinerary and Teaching of the Apostles; The greater number of these books come under the designation "apocryphal" in the early sense of "apocalyptic," but by this time the word had taken on a lower meaning, namely, books not good for even private reading. The Greek adjective apokruphos, denotes strictly "hidden," "concealed," of a material object (Eurip. the Christian Old Testament), with one notable addition in the middle of chapter 4. This version, which became known as the Vulgate, eventually became the official version of the Roman Church and became the Bible used in the Western Church for the next thousand years. The Protevangelium of James, for example, tells the story of Mary's birth, childhood, and eventual marriage to Joseph (a widower with children), culminating in a detailed account of the birth of Jesus (in a cave) and a strong affirmation of Mary's virginity. The value and canonical status of the deuterocanonical books or Apocrypha (literally meaning “things that are hidden”) has been a point of significant contention between Protestants and Roman Catholics since the time of the Reformation. It is commonly used to refer to ancient, mostly Second Temple –era works that are “outside” of the Jewish Bible. Then it came to signify what is obscure, recondite, hard to understand (Xen. Is it quite certain that there is no Hebrew word or expression corresponding exactly to the word "apocrypha" as first used by Christian writers, i.e. The nation of Israel treated the Apocrypha / Deuterocanonical books with respect, but never accepted them as true books of the Hebrew Bible. Apocrypha. The Jews in the early Christian centuries had really two Bibles: (1) There was the Hebrew Bible which does not include the Apocrypha, and which circulated in Palestine and Babylon; (2) there was the Greek version (Septuagint) used by Greek-speaking Jews everywhere. It is as follows: (1) the canonical books of both Testaments; (2) writings of the Fathers approved by the church; (3) apocryphal books rejected by the church. ), (2) Change to "Religious" Books (Origen, etc. Originally, the term was reserved for books with content considered too sacred and grand to make accessible to the general public. Thus after copies of the Pentateuch or of other parts of the Hebrew Bible had, by age and use, become unfit to be read in the home or in the synagogue they were "buried" in the ground as being too sacred to be burnt or cut up; and the verb denoting this burying is ganaz. Christians tod… In this sense it takes the place of the classical Greek word esoterika and bears the same general meaning, namely, writings intended for an inner circle and cap. (see below, § III. The contents of the books themselves show that they were no part of Scripture. It will be remembered that Marcian (died end of 2nd century AD), Thomas Morgan, the Welsh 18th-century deist (died 1743) and Friedrich Schleiermacher (died 1834) taught this very same thing. Of apo ( away ) and means `` seventy '' ) is a loanword borrowed Latin. Accept the sacrifice of a doctrine for the initiated or a literature for a few. Seem intended secret ” or “ concealed ” numbers 1, 2, 4, 5 extant... 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