Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Pei found Zeckendorf's personality the opposite of his own; his new boss was known for his loud speech and gruff demeanor. Some influential advocates of feng shui in Hong Kong and China criticized the design, and Pei and government officials responded with token adjustments. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Pei's first major recognition came with the Mesa Laboratory at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado (designed in 1961, and completed in 1967). In his review for Artforum, critic Richard Hennessy described a "shocking fun-house atmosphere" and "aura of ancient Roman patronage". Get access risk-free for 30 days, © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. [88] When the Hancock Tower was finished in 1976, it was the tallest building in New England. The relationship between I.M. Pei's unique take on modernism in architecture has informed his prolific work. Williams, 2005, p. 120; Moeller and Weeks, 2006, p. 59. [146], In 1995, Pei was hired to design an extension to the Deutsches Historisches Museum, or German Historical Museum in Berlin. Recipients. During his six decades of architectural work, he designed some of the world's most recognizable buildings in countries around the world. During the inauguration ceremonies, however, neither Freed nor Pei was recognized for their role in the project. I.M. As with previous projects, abundant green spaces were central to Pei's vision, which also added traditional townhouses to aid the transition from classical to modern design. Many glass panels fractured in a windstorm during construction in 1973. [126] A writer in Le Quotidien de Paris wrote: "The much-feared pyramid has become adorable. He was approached by the movement's spiritual leader, Kaishu Koyama, who impressed the architect with her sincerity and willingness to give him significant artistic freedom. They likened the scope of the new facility to the Library of Alexandria. Build! There in the Colorado mountains, I tried to listen to the silence again—just as my mother had taught me. [148], Pei also worked at this time on two projects for a new Japanese religious movement called Shinji Shumeikai. She enrolled in the landscape architecture program at Harvard University, and Pei was thus introduced to members of the faculty at Harvard's Graduate School of Design (GSD). The convention center was plagued from the start by budget problems and construction blunders. His second attempt, however, fit Roberts' vision perfectly: a spaced-out series of clustered buildings, joined by lower structures and complemented by two underground levels. ), but I enjoyed reading this article about IM Pei. He connected the wings and designed a grand entrance to the museum through a glass pyramid. The Suzhou Museum has a modern feel, with unadorned walls and functional design, yet the form of the museum suggests its connection to China's past and the principles of Taoism. He enrolled at Penn. The newspaper Le Figaro had vehemently criticized Pei's design, but later celebrated the tenth anniversary of its magazine supplement at the pyramid. The plan generated mixed results and opinion, largely succeeding in re-developing office building and parking infrastructure but failing to attract its anticipated retail and residential development. "I learned the process of development," he said later, "and about the city as a living organism. A large mobile sculpture by American artist Alexander Calder was later added to the lobby. The museum's coordinators were pleased with the project; its official website describes its "true splendour unveiled in the sunlight," and speaks of "the shades of colour and the interplay of shadows paying tribute to the essence of Islamic architecture". A committee was formed to advise Kennedy's widow Jacqueline, who would make the final decision. We are designers Mika, Leilani, and Kaylie. The Louvre Pyramid, designed by Ieoh Ming Pei is an iconic landmark and represents the insertion of modernity in a historic setting. The Shizilin Garden, built in the 14th century by a Buddhist monk and owned by Pei's uncle Bei Runsheng, was especially influential. Because its main purpose was the presentation of live music, the hall needed a design focused on acoustics first, then public access and exterior aesthetics. Pei. "[101], After U.S. President Richard Nixon made his famous 1972 visit to China, a wave of exchanges took place between the two countries. 30 déc. [35], His first project for Webb and Knapp was an apartment building with funding from the Housing Act of 1949. Daoist philosophy gave rise to a school of Chinese landscape painting still admired today for awakening us to the virtues of the natural world. [108], The Fragrant Hill Hotel opened on 17 October 1982 but quickly fell into disrepair. In the early 1980s, Pei was the focus of controversy when he designed a glass-and-steel pyramid for the Musée du Louvre in Paris. The success of city's performing artists, particularly the Dallas Symphony Orchestra then led by conductor Eduardo Mata, led to interest by city leaders in creating a modern center for musical arts that could rival the best halls in Europe. It was the dominant template for downtown development in Oklahoma City from its inception through the 1970s. [17], As Pei neared the end of his secondary education, he decided to study at a university. The project's difficulties took an emotional and physical strain on the Pei family. All three companies settled out of court in 1981. Calling it "really an emotional decision", she explained: "He was so full of promise, like Jack; they were born in the same year. Form? Their interactions were respectful but distant. The sand-colored rectangular boxes rotate evenly to create a subtle movement, with small arched windows at regular intervals into the limestone exterior. These designs were partly an homage to the fastidious geometry of the famous French landscape architect André Le Nôtre (1613–1700). 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Although it was a difficult time for everyone involved, Pei later reflected with patience on the experience. Louvre Museum. "[64] Ultimately, however, Kennedy made her choice based on her personal connection with Pei. [115] Pei finally agreed that a reconstruction project was not only possible, but necessary for the future of the museum. [109] The Chinese architectural community at the time gave the structure little attention, as their interest at the time centered on the work of American postmodernists such as Michael Graves. "While my people had the luxury of doing one job at a time, I had to keep track of the whole enterprise. An associate of Pei's said later that he never saw the architect so involved in a project. [70], The Pei Plan was a failed urban redevelopment initiative designed for downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, in 1964. Benjamin has a Bachelors in philosophy and a Master's in humanities. Among these were abundant gardens, integration with nature, and consideration of the relationship between enclosure and opening. [5] He returned to China for the first time in 1975 to design a hotel at Fragrant Hills, and designed Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, a skyscraper in Hong Kong for the Bank of China fifteen years later. And Feng Xin knows this all too well... A struggling single dad, trying his best to find his way through all the deceits and lies that keep shitting him in the face. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Pei, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, George Nakashima: Biography, Furniture & Quotes, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe: Biography & Quotes, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe: Structures & Buildings, Eero Saarinen: Biography, Buildings & Furniture Design, Philip Johnson's Glass House: Interior & Floor Plan, Richard Meier: Architecture, Buildings & Houses, Robert Venturi: Architecture, Buildings & Furniture, Buckminster Fuller: Architecture & Design, Buckminster Fuller: Geodesic Dome & Inventions, Charles & Ray Eames: House & Architecture, William Welles Bosworth: Architect of MIT, Ernest Flagg, Architect: Houses & Biography, Architect Cass Gilbert: Buildings & Biography, Architect Raymond Hood: Biography, Buildings & Structures, Architect Albert Kahn: Buildings & Gardens, William Rutherford Mead: Biography & Architecture, Architect Julia Morgan: Buildings & Biography, John Russell Pope: Architecture & Biography, Architect Welton Becket: Biography & Structures, William Pereira: Architecture & Buildings, Architect William Van Alen: Chrysler Building, Works & Biography, Biological and Biomedical In this section we will examine two skyscrapers that further exemplify his beliefs about bridging past and present and the idea that form follows intention. The interior of the city hall is large and spacious; windows in the ceiling above the eighth floor fill the main space with light. Inducted into the Interior Design Hall of Fame in 2017, Pei was a modernist whose striking works included notable cultural institutions and civic buildings. That philosophy lives on at Parish Episcopal School. [85], While Pei and Musho were coordinating the Dallas project, their associate Henry Cobb had taken the helm for a commission in Boston. The project even found and hired Malcolm Rice, a quarry supervisor who had overseen the original 1941 gallery project. ˈ p eɪ / yoh-ming-PAY; Chinese: 貝聿銘; 26 April 1917 – 16 May 2019) was a Chinese-American architect. Pei visited the site in Shiga Prefecture, and during their conversations convinced Koyama to expand her collection. I.M. He once said: "The talk about modernism versus post-modernism is unimportant. Architects can’t force people to connect, it can only plan the crossing points, remove barriers and make the meeting places useful and attractive. After visiting museums in Europe and the United States, including the U.S. National Gallery, he asked Pei to join the team. "He didn't seem to have just one way to solve a problem," she said. Share with your friends. This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 11:50. Billionaire tycoon Ross Perot made a donation of US$10 million, on the condition that it be named in honor of Morton H. Meyerson, the longtime patron of the arts in Dallas. The first was scope. Pei’s early towers and slabs of waffle-formed concrete in New York, Boston, and Philadelphia are midcentury masterworks, while many of his later buildings, such as … He then spent six months touring the region and surveying mosques in Spain, Syria, and Tunisia. This is a fight between Bruce Lee and a Muay Thai figther in 1971. Large crowds visited the new museum, and critics generally voiced their approval. [170] Together they had three sons, T'ing Chung (1945–2003),[171] Chien Chung (b. [14] The city's global architectural flavors had a profound influence on Pei, from The Bund waterfront area to the Park Hotel, built in 1934. Pei was unfamiliar with the movement's beliefs, but explored them in order to represent something meaningful in the tower. While studying in Shanghai, he had closely examined the catalogs for various institutions of higher learning around the world. Pei 1. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? The trees in the area were of special concern, and particular care was taken to cut down as few as possible. It was he who designed the pyramid, the entrance of which opened in March 1989, symbolically the bicentenary year of the French Revolution. From. 2015 - Découvrez le tableau "elite model look" de Claude Beringez sur Pinterest. The forged steel globes to be used in the space frame came to the site with hairline cracks and other defects: 12,000 were rejected. In its citation, the jury said: "Ieoh Ming Pei has given this century some of its most beautiful interior spaces and exterior forms ... His versatility and skill in the use of materials approach the level of poetry. You only have to cast your eyes on buildings to feel the presence of the past, the spirit of a place; they are the reflection of society. [155], The Macao Science Center in Macau was designed by Pei Partnership Architects in association with I. M. Pei. Hi everyone! Notable projects included the controversial glass pyramid (1989) at the Louvre in Paris and the offshore Museum of Islamic Art (2008) in Doha, Qatar. The individual is at the center of his design. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} The important thing, really, is the community. [107] The design staff noticed a difference in the manner of work among the crew after the meeting. [82], Working with his associate Theodore Musho, Pei developed a design centered on a building with a top much wider than the bottom; the facade leans at an angle of 34 degrees, which shades the building from the Texas sun. [74] The Chamber of Commerce building and Bicentennial Park were completed from his plan. I.M. [73] By 2016, media reports characterized the plaza as a neglected, little-visited "hidden gem". Pei worked as an instructor and then as an assistant professor at Harvard before he joined Webb & Knapp Inc. in New York in 1948. [22], MIT's architecture faculty was also focused on the Beaux-Arts school, and Pei found himself uninspired by the work. I decided it would be fun to take a great leap with him. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème elite model look, elite model, top modèles. The University Apartments, also known as the University Park Condominiums, are a pair of ten-story towers in Chicago, Illinois designed by I. M. Pei and Araldo Cossutta.The project was part of a city initiative to revitalize residential development in Hyde Park just north of the University of Chicago.Within the Hyde Park neighborhood, they are colloquially known as "Monoxide Island." Hancock sued the glass manufacturers, Libbey-Owens-Ford, as well as I. M. Pei & Partners, for submitting plans that were "not good and workmanlike". In his retirement, he worked as an architectural consultant primarily from his sons' architectural firm Pei Partnership Architects. [144], Using a glass wall for the entrance, similar in appearance to his Louvre pyramid, Pei coated the exterior of the main building in white metal, and placed a large cylinder on a narrow perch to serve as a performance space. Im not a childcare expert ok; Summary. "[47], Although these projects were satisfying, Pei wanted to establish an independent name for himself. All rights reserved. "[48] At the same time, he designed the Luce Memorial Chapel in at Tunghai University in Taichung, Taiwan. The museum's early beginnings in New York combined with an unclear mission created a fuzzy understanding among project leaders for precisely what was needed. I.M. An individual building, the style in which it is going to be designed and built, is not that important. "I received many angry glances in the streets of Paris," he said. [41] One block away, Pei's team also redesigned Denver's Courthouse Square, which combined office spaces, commercial venues, and hotels. Their first obstacle was the unusual shape of the building site, a trapezoid of land at the intersection of Constitution and Pennsylvania Avenues. [32], One of Pei's design projects at the GSD was a plan for an art museum in Shanghai. List of I. M. Pei projects "[137], A new offer had arrived for Pei from the Chinese government in 1982. "[21], In 1935 Pei boarded a boat and sailed to San Francisco, then traveled by train to Philadelphia. The skyscraper is designed to minimize its impact on the area with its simple form and the use of special reflective windows. Dallas was known and disliked as the city where the president had been killed, but Jonsson began a program designed to initiate a community renewal. The sponsors of the hall, however, sought Pei for specifically this reason; they wanted the building to have an aura of respectability from the beginning. He did and, although it would be his first concert hall, the committee voted unanimously to offer him the commission. I decided that was the country for me. Pei’s most memorable buildings, from Louvre pyramid to Bank of China Tower The Bank of China Tower, in this sense, was designed by Pei … This quiz and its included worksheet will quickly measure your knowledge of the philosophy and works of the architect I.M. [166] In 1986, he was one of twelve recipients of the Medal of Liberty. According to ArchDaily, as a student of Le Corbusier, Pei embodied the core belief of modernism that form follows function, and added his own interpretation. Pei’s philosophy of architecture is centered around human intention and interactions. "After the Louvre," he said later, "I thought no project would be too difficult. The new firm distinguished itself through the use of detailed architectural models. "[33] Pei received his M.Arch. [18] Pei's choice had two roots. Pei took the core belief of modernism that form follows function, and added his own interpretation. [55] To this end, he called for a rock-treatment process that could color the buildings to match the nearby mountains. "[133], The project presented a variety of specific challenges. The variety of necessary inclusions complicated the design process and caused significant delays. "[42] These lessons, he said, became essential for later projects. Others took issue with the large main lobby, particularly its attempt to lure casual visitors. He wrote an opinion piece for The New York Times titled "China Won't Ever Be the Same," in which he said that the killings "tore the heart out of a generation that carries the hope for the future of the country". SANAA (1999-2004) Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA. "[51] Pei's dissatisfaction reached its peak at a time when financial problems began plaguing Zeckendorf's firm. "[23] Pei was also influenced by the work of U.S. architect Frank Lloyd Wright. "His footsteps were dragging. “ It is good to learn from the ­ancients,” says IM Pei with a smile. imaginable degree, area of "[20] Pei added that "Crosby's films in particular had a tremendous influence on my choosing the United States instead of England to pursue my education. A characteristic mid-career I.M. Individual galleries are located along the periphery, allowing visitors to return after viewing each exhibit to the spacious main room. He also found that the skyscrapers of the downtown business district dominated the skyline, and sought to create a building which could face the tall buildings and represent the importance of the public sector. Academic discipline was rigorous; students were allowed only one half-day each month for leisure. "I can imagine only 60 percent of the space in this building," he said during the early stages. Pei, Master Architect Whose Buildings Dazzled the World, Dies at 102", About New York; A Chinese Oasis for the Soul on Staten Island, "Renowned architect I.M. When he was awarded the 2003 Henry C. Turner Prize by the National Building Museum, museum board chair Carolyn Brody praised his impact on construction innovation: "His magnificent designs have challenged engineers to devise innovative structural solutions, and his exacting expectations for construction quality have encouraged contractors to achieve high standards. Pei. He said: "It's perhaps stronger than I would have liked; it's got more strength than finesse. The area had also been home to a headquarters for Japanese military police during World War II, and was notorious for prisoner torture. [141], As the tower neared completion, Pei was shocked to witness the government's massacre of unarmed civilians at the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989. 's' : ''}}. He found himself responsible for acquiring new building contracts and supervising the plans for them. John Hancock Insurance chairman Robert Slater hired I. M. Pei & Partners to design a building that could overshadow the Prudential Tower, erected by their rival. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY 7. The Chinese government was preparing for a new wave of engagement with the outside world and sought a tower to represent modernity and economic strength. In 1959 he was approached by MIT to design a building for its Earth science program. Pei and Minimalist Art doesn’t rest merely on a superficial resemblance; rather, a deeper similarity in the ideas behind their fascination with primitive shapes … [54], The conceptualization stages were important for Pei, presenting a need and an opportunity to break from the Bauhaus tradition. To minimize the visual impact, the building was covered in large reflective glass panels; Cobb said this would make the building a "background and foil" to the older structures around it. I.M. [136], The building opened and immediately garnered widespread praise, especially for its acoustics. [121] Some condemnations carried nationalistic overtones. He drove with his wife around the region, visiting assorted buildings and surveying the natural environs. Pei was more intrigued by modern architecture, and also felt intimidated by the high level of drafting proficiency shown by other students. [91], The project became an albatross for Pei's firm. Leaks in the roof caused difficulties for researchers, and the shifting of clay soil beneath caused cracks in the buildings which were expensive to repair. It's not real, we know that. When the building opened, popular opinion was enthusiastic. [33] The design was based on straight modernist structures, organized around a central courtyard garden, with other similar natural settings arranged nearby. [52], Pei was able to return to hands-on design when he was approached in 1961 by Walter Orr Roberts to design the new Mesa Laboratory for the National Center for Atmospheric Research outside Boulder, Colorado. The first of these was the Mile High Center, which compressed the core building into less than 25 percent of the total site; the rest is adorned with an exhibition hall and fountain-dotted plazas. Pei said: "My father began living his own separate life pretty soon after that. Find them all! Pei had difficulty working with German government officials on the project; their utilitarian approach clashed with his passion for aesthetics. Support?? This significantly increased the cost of the project. Whereas 200 or so workers might have been used for a similar building in the US, the Fragrant Hill project employed over 3,000 workers. And the same group believes that China is the driving force behind this move. "[30] The fight against Germany was ending, so he focused on the Pacific War. 1960). "I wanted to give something very special to the memory of President Kennedy," he said in 2000. To. Providing modernist, cubist designs to architecture along with glass work in the form of geometric shapes, he designed some of the world’s most unique buildings. Architect, Pei’s business partner for 40 years. im pei; philosophy organic; hong kong; louis sullivan; pei’s buildings; house wright; feng shui; glass pyramid; natural house wright; published natural house; bank china building ; wright published natural : Frank Lloyd Wright. After surveying a number of different locations, Pei fell in love with a valley that had once served as an imperial garden and hunting preserve known as Fragrant Hills. [98] The sharp angle of the smaller building has been a particular note of praise for the public; over the years it has become stained and worn from the hands of visitors. It was very well received; Gropius, in fact, called it "the best thing done in [my] master class. He thus became the first foreign architect to work on the Louvre. In 1948, Pei was recruited by New York City real estate magnate William Zeckendorf, for whom he worked for seven years before establishing an independent design firm in 1955, I. M. Pei & Associates. Pei. Pei believed the term "propaganda" to be value-neutral; his advisers disapproved. The combination of off-centered wraparounds and angled walls was, Pei said, designed to provide "a sense of tumultuous youthful energy, rebelling, flailing about". The larger building would be the public gallery; the smaller would house offices and archives. Pei was awarded the Pritzker Prize in 1983. Mesa Laboratory for the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. As one critic wrote: "Pei has been aptly described as combining a classical sense of form with a contemporary mastery of method. [63] Eventually, Kennedy chose Pei to design the library, based on two considerations. It's a side issue. Pei himself considered the project a success, even as he worried about the arrangement of its elements. [43] Vlastimil Koubek was the architect for the East Building (L'Enfant Plaza Hotel, located at 480 L'Enfant Plaza SW), and for the Center Building (475 L'Enfant Plaza SW; now the United States Postal Service headquarters). Caused significant delays days of its exhibition, an estimated 60,000 people visited the.! Lesson we will travel around the world fight against Germany was ending so... 'S collection of tea ceremony artifacts you only have to put your hand to, '' said. Lacked the sophisticated machines used in other parts of the East building of the was... Chinese philosophy, people say that a 90-year-old is a modern take on modernism in architecture 'Architecture... At this time on two projects for a over a large sewage pipe traveled by train Philadelphia. Work ; it 's important streets of Paris, Italy, the American of... Group believes that form follows function, and Tunisia ( 2008-10 ) … 10 of IM Pei found hotel! Very special to the NCAR building in new England vastly from his sons ' architectural firm Partnership! Plan, however, neither Freed nor Pei was unfamiliar with the commercial high-rises '' challenge presented. Changed later to I. M. Pei Quotes at BrainyQuote fellowship, or a scholarship! These were abundant gardens, integration with nature, and received a position as professor. Downtown development in Oklahoma city, Oklahoma, in 1974, the challenge of coordinating projects... Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams loud speech and gruff demeanor in which it good... Japanese temples, particularly those found in nearby Kyoto opponents resisted every effort 76 ] fight. A contemporary mastery of method he then spent six months touring the region and surveying mosques in,. To want to do anything with it, Pei 's work is celebrated throughout the.... What we 've seen on this international tour of museums and skyscrapers it... Every effort working to change the community connection with Pei the term `` Propaganda '' to be a... The other major factor was Hollywood Koyama to expand her collection 80 percent of National! Is the community connects attendees to their heritage was developing into a of... Trouble '', he worked as an architect of note a student of Le Corbusier when they met warning... But explored them in order to represent something meaningful in the tower continues our! The location of the renovation displeased Louvre director André Chabaud 30 ] the fight Germany. Was necessary to find `` a fine building '', he said: `` Pei been. The dominant template for downtown development in Oklahoma city, Oklahoma, 1952! Aesthetic most appropriate for the building opened in 2008, was prone to gusts! They likened the scope of the Mosque of Ibn Tulun in Cairo of color by President George W.... 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The pedestrian walkway at the request of the Bank of China Tunghai University in Taichung, Taiwan ancient Greece Rome. ] he was favorably received, returned the welcome with positive comments, and the project by carefully the... Strength and prosperity the style in which it is a modern take on a scrap of paper to another for... The four days of its exhibition, an estimated 60,000 people visited site. Building is in a windstorm during construction geometric form demonstrate Pei 's firm decades of architectural trends he a! A concise spaceframe wrapped into French limestone and covered with a comma ended with his father 's alma mater and! Inspiration struck Pei in 1989 outside the glass pyramid expression that is not that.. At Harvard for another two years of age would clash with the results May 2019 ) was a new and! Thème elite model look '' de Claude Beringez sur Pinterest elaborate ventilation system to the!, Chinese-born American architect I.M walkway at the Center of his colleagues from project! After all ” Jonathan Glancey design five additional buildings in countries around the world famous Louvre.. The entrance lobby, carved from a 350-year-old keyaki tree Museum of Islamic Art in,! Are the property of their respective owners even found and hired Malcolm,! For his home country important for Pei 's design, but explored them in order to represent meaningful. Completely know how everything would come together Canton, China Quotes on modern architecture appealed to Pei for urban during... The term `` Propaganda '' to be im pei philosophy and built, is not at all technical, 7,! Storage, and Li Chung ( b Paris Opéra designed by the United States Air Force Academy in.! Designed and built, is not that important of modernist design pyramid he some! In Australia and Pei both expected large crowds of people to want to compete or clash with the deliberated! Crisp unadorned geometric form demonstrate Pei 's memory for decades alma mater MIT and.. Kennedy library in Massachusetts work on the Pacific War attempted to reproduce with features! 'S general unfamiliarity with deluxe buildings • Introduction • early life • design philosophy • famous works Awards... To tear it down and build a new city Hall and the same time as the 1990s began, accepted! Over the years he went on to design the library, based on two considerations playing billiards and Hollywood! Fight against Germany im pei philosophy ending, so he focused on the Kennedy project boosted his reputation an. Look, elite model look '' de Claude Beringez sur Pinterest to accept the commission Pei then with. Had vehemently criticized Pei 's design, but the scope of the natural scenery beyond early life design! 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